Thu. Jun 1st, 2023

Structured Settlement Factoring Transaction

Structured settlements offer long-term financial security to people with personal injury lawsuits. However, they may not be enough to cover an immediate financial need or investment opportunity.

Thankfully, structured settlement factoring offers a solution to these problems. By selling future payments for a lump sum of cash, you can access the money you need immediately.

How It Works

Structured settlements can be an excellent way to provide long-term financial security after a personal injury lawsuit. Unfortunately, life circumstances may change and what was once a sound financial plan may become derailed. Medical expenses may arise, children’s college tuition must be paid or essential home repairs are necessary; in such cases people often sell the rights to future periodic payments from their structured settlements in exchange for a lump sum payment.

These transactions, sometimes referred to as the secondary market for annuities, are regulated by federal and state laws that require court approval of all transfers of future settlement payments. This process is known as “factoring,” and it can be advantageous for individuals who need a large sum of cash now.

Factoring companies, also referred to as structured settlement purchasing companies, purchase and sell structured settlement payment streams. They either bundle these payments into securitized deals for institutional investors or sell them individually to individual investors.

Investors are drawn to the low risk and high yield of structured settlement payment streams, which offer them a secure, predictable alternative to traditional investments. However, it’s important for them to recognize that investing carries risks; therefore, investors should conduct due diligence by developing an effective financial plan as well as getting independent legal evaluation of the transaction conducted before investing.

Furthermore, many factoring companies do not disclose their business structure. This can lead to a lack of comprehension regarding how the transaction operates and could potentially cause substantial financial loss.

Another concern with factoring is the potential legal challenge. However, this risk can be minimized if all transfers adhere to federal and state laws and are thoroughly reviewed by an independent attorney.

If a problem arises, the annuity issuers can sue the investor for damages. That is why hiring an experienced legal expert to review the transaction and ensure all laws were adhered to is so critical.

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Structured settlement factoring has become more and more common as an alternative to more traditional investment vehicles, despite its legal and ethical drawbacks. Indeed, many private investors are turning towards this method as a viable choice for their investments.

Legal Issues

Structured settlement factoring transactions present a variety of legal obstacles and require extensive planning. If you have any doubts about this process, be sure to speak with an experienced legal professional for guidance.

Many factors can influence the cost of a structured settlement factoring transaction, including:

When selecting a financing company to purchase your future periodic payments, the size of the institution backing them matters. Large finance firms tend to be well-backed by major financial institutions and international banks, helping reduce the risk of default.

However, smaller financing companies may not be as well-capitalized and thus less willing to assume additional risks. This could result in higher discount rates.

Additionally, the cost to obtain a court order approving the transfer of your structured settlement payments may vary. This is because a judge must find that it is in your best interests to make this transfer, taking into account both your welfare and that of any dependents.

This process necessitates an extensive investigation to determine your eligibility for the transfer. This can be costly and time-consuming. Furthermore, you will have to attend a hearing in your state to finalize the transfer process.

When selling structured settlement payments, there are a few things to consider regarding tax implications. These include any taxable income from future investment earnings and any lump sum payout you receive.

A qualified legal professional can offer guidance on these matters and ensure that the sale of your structured settlement payments is properly taxed. This is especially crucial if you plan to sell all or part of your structured settlement payment rights.

Thankfully, laws exist to safeguard payees against the abuses of factoring companies. These statutes, known as Structured Settlement Protection Acts (SSPAs), require courts to approve the sale of a structured settlement after conducting an extensive analysis of the payee’s circumstances.

However, even the most successful legislative strategy hasn’t been enough to eradicate abuses committed by factoring companies. A recent series of articles by The Minneapolis Star Tribune (subscription required) outlines how these firms continue to engage in numerous marketing and business misconducts. The article recommends that Minnesota amend their state law so judges can appoint guardians who would advise structured settlement payees about transfers and advocate on their behalf; though this solution would add costs, it could be an important first step toward curbing factoring abuses.

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If you have a structured settlement and need cash quickly, factoring companies can purchase some or all of your future periodic payments. It’s an efficient way to access funds without waiting for installments to be paid out by the annuity issuer.

The cost of a structured settlement factoring transaction varies based on your individual circumstances. It’s essential that you research and select an established company with good credentials. As this process is regulated by law, it’s up to you to make an informed decision as to whether the deal works for you.

Structured settlements offer an alternative to lump sum payouts in a lawsuit. They can provide you with security and predictability in your cash flow, helping you curb impulsive spending and living beyond your means.

These payments can be deferred for a specified amount of time or spread out over multiple years. You can use these payments to cover various expenses such as urgent medical care, education costs, and essential home repairs.

A reliable buying company will quote you a price for your payments that is determined by their discount rate. They use this rate to cover their operating expenses, the risk from annuity contracts, and to make money.

They may charge you for any fees associated with selling your structured settlement payments, such as court filing and attorney costs. These costs can add up quickly, so it’s wise to get multiple quotes from different buying companies before committing.

Be wary of “servicing agreements.” These contracts between a factoring company and annuity issuers allow them to collect and service your structured settlement payments while selling you only part of the future payments while they’re still in escrow. Industry observers have expressed concerns that this type of arrangement may be motivated by the factoring company’s desire for additional business rather than in your best interests.

Be wary of companies sending mailers that purport to be from government agencies. These firms tend to engage in fraudulent advertising practices.


Structured settlements are contracts that provide injured parties with payments over time rather than a lump sum at the end of a lawsuit. These arrangements enable victims of personal injury to get their medical bills covered without having to pay taxes on the money received.

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Structured settlements are frequently employed to resolve personal injury or wrongful death claims. This allows victims to receive payments tax-free while still having a source of income to support themselves and their family.

Structured settlements, like any asset of value, may be subject to various types of taxes. Individuals who sell their structured settlement may owe income tax on the lump sum received or taxes on dividends earned from investments in stocks, real estate or other investment vehicles.

One important consideration is that the sale of structured settlement payment rights may trigger a 40 percent excise tax. This is because structured settlement payments are considered part of an individual’s gross income.

Structured settlement sales that transfer the right to receive future periodic payments into the hands of a third party are exempt from excise taxation. This occurs if it takes place as part of an approved transaction approved by a court or other responsible administrative authority before transfer – known as a “qualified order,” as described in statute under section 5891.

Prior to the transfer of structured settlement payment rights, a qualified order must be obtained. This means the acquirer must first secure court approval for the transfer before they can avoid taxation on such income.

Factoring companies often collaborate with an attorney to file the necessary paperwork and attend a hearing, where they can explain to the judge why they believe that someone selling their structured settlement will be able to meet their financial obligations when receiving lump sum payment from a secondary market purchasing company.

Jeffrey Augers
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By Jeffrey Augers

Jeffrey Augers is a highly skilled and experienced financial analyst with over 12 years of experience in the finance industry. He has a proven track record of delivering exceptional financial insights and recommendations to clients, empowering them to make informed decisions and achieve their financial goals. Jeffrey holds a Bachelor's degree in Finance from the University of Michigan, and an MBA from the Wharton School of Business.